The hottest photovoltaic completed the 13th five y

2022-09-23
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Is there any subsidy for photovoltaic to complete the 13th five year plan ahead of schedule?

in the first half of the year, China's cumulative photovoltaic installed capacity was about 101.82gw, with an increase of about 24gw and a distribution of about 7gw. In the first half of the year, the overall light loss in China was 7%, down 5% from last year, and that in Xinjiang and Gansu fell by more than 10%. The national light abandonment has improved significantly. It is mainly due to the 7% increase in electricity in the first half of the year. Second, the problem of power restriction and light abandonment has risen to the national strategy, and solving the consumption of new energy has been written into the government work report, including the Energy Bureau of the national development and Reform Commission and power companies to solve the problem of light abandonment through multi-directional coordination. In addition, the overall photovoltaic power generation increased by 80% in the first half of the year

the achievements of the photovoltaic industry in the first half of the year can be summarized as follows: worry is greater than joy

1, photovoltaic and other new energy subsidies are under great pressure. Due to the explosive growth of photovoltaic scale, it is expected to exceed the 13th five year plan target of 105gw by the end of the year. If 100gw is beneficial, the annual demand subsidy is about 50billion, and the 20-year demand is 1trillion. Relevant comrades from the Ministry of Finance said that at present, new energy (wind, biomass, photovoltaic, etc.) has been allocated a total of 300billion. Due to the rapid development of new energy and the limited scale of renewable energy funds, the Ministry of finance, together with relevant departments, has drafted relevant suggestions and submitted them to the State Council to further adjust the methods of subsidies. The overall idea is to promote market-oriented development. Competition reduces the cost of power generation and promotes the development of the industry

2. Strictly limit scale management: in 2016, China issued an index of about 22.6gw for ordinary photovoltaic power stations. The leader is about 5.5gw. Photovoltaic poverty alleviation is about 5.16gw. More than 33gw in total. Due to indicators, electricity price reduction and other factors, 630 rush to install. If calculated according to the scale of 105gw at the end of the year and 150gw of PV is put on line according to the 13th five year plan submitted by all provinces, the new scale of PV in the next three years should be controlled at about 45gw and the annual installed capacity should be 15gw. Next, the national energy administration will strictly control and plan the distribution of future indicators in strict accordance with the photovoltaic development indicators in the 13th five year energy plan reported by all provinces. The main suggestions are as follows: 1. With reference to the wind power early warning mechanism, the PV installed capacity of each province should be publicized, and the PV investment in hot spots should be warned. 2. 2. Strictly require power access

3. In terms of new policies in the second half of the year,

3.1. Issue the indicators of the third batch of leading bases, and the main focus is:

3.1.1 competition. In the past, the price reduction of the leading base was obvious, but some leading projects did not meet expectations. The next step will be to study the photovoltaic price competition mechanism of overseas photovoltaic competitive projects, such as Dubai and Mexico. Feasibility and feasibility of carrying out the elimination of subsidized photovoltaic electricity price in China 3 Graphene essential factors

3.1.2 reduce the comprehensive cost of the base. The third group of leaders will comprehensively consider the comprehensive costs of electricity access, land tax, external line construction and so on, and disclose them to investment enterprises

3.1.3 launch super leaders such as hit and IBC. Through the application of leading technology, we can force industrial technological progress

3.2. Introduce pilot trading policies for distributed photovoltaic

since the State Council encouraged the development of distribution in 2013, distribution has been tepid. Until 2017, the distributed market, especially the user market, exploded. According to incomplete statistics, the distribution of residents increased by 700% in 2017. Next, the energy administration will issue a distributed pilot trading policy to promote the development of distributed marketization

3.3. Start agricultural photovoltaic, household photovoltaic, and light rejection research

3.3.1 agricultural photovoltaic: due to the different local standards for measuring the land use of photovoltaic agriculture, the energy administration communicated with the Department of land and resources. Relevant standards for photovoltaic agriculture will be issued. In the future, photovoltaic agricultural projects will be handled separately. There will be evidence for photovoltaic agricultural power consumption

3.3.2 household photovoltaic standards: the household market erupts, but the good and bad are intermingled, such as household development and installation. In the next step, the energy administration will start the construction of household standards as soon as possible to guide and standardize the household market

3.3.3 light rejection: improve light rejection and related calculation problems. For example, in the first half of 2017, the power generation hours in Jilin and Liaoning were 1100 hours, which was far from 1500 hours or even 1700 hours previously. It is understood that due to rush loading projects in 2016, the failure rate of new projects is high, resulting in a lower annual light rejection rate. In the next step, we will study a more scientific and accurate calculation method of the light rejection

views on the future of photovoltaic industry:

1. Firm confidence in development. Photovoltaic is not only an important national development strategy, but also an important strategy for the development of global new energy. The Paris climate agreement and the the Belt and Road provide a strong guarantee for the industry. It is estimated that by 2020, the global installed capacity will be 500gw, and by 2025, most countries' PV will be affordable, so the future market space is huge

2. During the period of 12.5 in China, the photovoltaic industry created about 200billion profits and taxes and 1million jobs. During the period of 13,5, China's photovoltaic industry has grown to the world with a capture frequency of 5MHz; Leading enterprises will continue to lead the world in the future

3. Innovative development: at present, China's crystalline silicon is close to 100%, and the product homogenization is serious. The next step will guide and suggest the diversified development of the industry

4. The subsidy is insufficient, and it needs to reach parity as soon as possible

4.1 further reduce costs through technological upgrading

4.2 further reduce costs by improving system efficiency. For example, it supports applications such as tracking brackets and series inverters in order to build high-end platforms

4.3 develop new business models to reduce costs

5. Need to improve and improve

5.1 self discipline development: in particular, the development of household PV requires enterprise self-discipline

5.2 photovoltaic Agriculture: some agricultural photovoltaic projects have no greenhouse or even cultivated land

5.3 reselling indicators: continue to crack down on reselling indicators

5.4 power security: a large number of new photovoltaic power supplies will inevitably have an impact on the safe and stable operation of power. The next step will be to strictly require the intervention of the same country

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